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What we find, then, if we take the broadly Thomistic account that has been presented as the paradigm of natural law, are several apriori implications. Several metaphysical and moral views are incompatible with this presentation. First, atheism seems to be ruled out, as divine providence plays a pivotal role. Neither are agnosticism or a kind of deism allowable, since a God is explicitly posited to exist and that Being has an interest in the affairs of this world. Further, this is explicitly incompatible with a nihilism or subjectivism about moral values; even skepticism about moral values is ruled out, on account of the universal know-ability of the precepts. Certain claims about human goods and the good are indeed knowable and knowable by any who take the time to reflect on them. As will be seen, however, these are by no means representative of all thinkers within the natural law tradition.

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